Climate change is one of the biggest challenges that humanity faces today. The rise in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere has caused global temperatures to increase and resulted in extreme weather conditions. Fortunately, new technology offers a glimmer of hope in the fight against global warming.

Carbon capture technology is being developed to scrub the air of carbon dioxide, one of the main culprits of global warming. With the release of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels, the planet’s climate is rapidly changing. This technology can not only reduce carbon emissions but potentially reverse the damage already done.

Carbon capture technology has been around for a while, but it has been too expensive to conduct on a large scale. However, with the recent funding and incentives provided by the government, companies are racing to qualify for billions of dollars in tax credits and funding to develop this technology.

Two methods of carbon capture are currently being used: stripping carbon dioxide out of power plant emissions and capturing ambient air. The latter is conducted using a process called direct air capture (DAC) that captures carbon dioxide from the air through ceramic filters.

A new DAC plant, called Global Thermostat, has recently been built near Denver, and it is the second-largest plant in the world. It has a capacity to capture about 1,000 tons of CO2 annually, and the developers say it can rapidly scale up to an industrial level. However, more and bigger plants are necessary to make a real difference in reversing global warming.

Carbon capture is in the news because of the recently passed Inflation Reduction Act of 2022, which provides funding to companies that perform carbon capture. This act encourages companies to capture carbon dioxide using DAC approaches by paying them $180 per ton. Power plant operators can turn a profit by installing DAC systems that cost less than $180 per ton to operate.

While carbon capture offers the possibility of reducing the amount of carbon released into our atmosphere, environmentalists worry that it could give polluters an excuse to delay the transition away from carbon-based fuels. Additionally, it requires energy to power it, which means some electricity inevitably comes from burning fossil fuels.

Carbon dioxide captured through this process has value as an industrial gas, as well. It can be used to make cement, jet fuel, or even to help greenhouse crops grow faster. However, most of the captured CO2 is currently injected into the ground to boost oil and gas production or stored in rock formations where it can’t affect the atmosphere.

In conclusion, carbon capture technology offers a potential solution to the problem of global warming. However, it is essential to continue to transition away from fossil fuels and invest in renewable energy sources. With the right investments, we can make a difference in reversing the effects of climate change.