For dog lovers and dog breeders who love and care for their pets, how do you endure proper nutrition for them.
A bitch’s (female dog) food intake should be increased as her body weight increase during gestation from about the last five weeks before whelping.
Daily food intake should be increased gradually, so that at the time of whelping she may be eating 35% to 50% more than usual. As her weight and food intake increases, you can begin offering small, frequent meals to spare her the discomfort that larger meals can cause, especially in a smaller stature dog.
Ensure that she is given a balanced high quality food with enough protein. It would do her and the puppies good. Her source of protein such as evaporated milk, eggs, meat, or liver is a good idea. These supplements should never represent more than 10% of your bitch’s daily food intake.
Give her suitable pregnancy supplementation because a gestating bitch certainly needs more minerals and vitamins. Get bitch pills for her or any other drugs suitable for her gestating period.
Another important point is to accustom your Bitch to the Whelping Box.
It is a good idea to build a whelping box in advance so the bitch has time to become accustomed to it. Do not wait until she gets into labour before you start running around. If you don’t accustom her to a whelping box, she may choose ur toilet, bush, or other inappropriate place for a delivery room.
Do not place the whelping box in an open or noisy place. An ideal whelping environment is warm, dry, quiet, draft-free, and away from all other dogs when possible. Confinement and whelping location of your bitch is relative to her breed and size.
A good whelping box is roomy and has low sides so you can easily reach in. It should also have a small shelf or roll bars running halfway up along the sides so the pups have something to crawl under to avoid getting rolled on by the bitch.
Many breeders prefer to line the box with newspapers until after delivery because paper can be changed quickly when it is soiled. After whelping, newspapers are typically replaced with non-skid bath mats, outdoor carpeting, or something else that provides better footing for the puppies.
Suggested Whelping Supplies:
Before your bitch whelps, get these materials in place.
Newspaper – use it to bed the whelping box before, during, and after whelping.
Bath Mats -Bedding for bitch and puppies after whelping.
Clean Towels – to Clean puppies during whelping.
Paper Towels – Clean up the whelping area.
Thermostat -Check bitch’s temperature prior to whelping.
Un-waxed Dental Floss – for Tying puppies’ umblicial cords.
Heating Pad – to Keep puppies warm. Be sure that it does not get too hot. Some people use lantern but ensure it is is smoke free.
Scissors – to Cut puppies’ umbilical cords or the placenta.
Iodine – After umbilical cord is cut (either by bitch or breeder), clean puppies’ abdomen. Sometimes u may need to help your bitch by cutting it for her.
NB: Always Be Alert for Signs of Labor!!!
A few days before the bitch is ready to give birth, she may stop eating and start building a “nest” where she plans to have her puppies — if introduced properly to a whelping box, this should be in the whelping box you have prepared for her.
Shortly before whelping, the bitch’s body temperature will drop to 99 degrees or lower (from a normal temperature of 100 to 102.5).
Approximately 24 hours after her temperature drops, she can be expected to enter the first stage of labor when the cervix dilates and opens the birth canal for the passage of puppies. At this time, she will pant, strain, and appear restless. This stage of labor is followed by actual abdominal straining and production of the puppies and placentas. As she whelp please count the placenta to ensure their is no retained placenta. Be vigilant because some bitches eat up the placenta and you would loose count of them. A retained placenta can be dangerous.
A few weeks before whelping please have tour vet doctor’s number handy or an experienced breeder that can help you.
Whelping sometimes is not fun and it can get messy and complicated. Some Bitches can be in labour for up to 24 hours and you should be available to help her.